Archive of previous SubRosas

2011: The Role and Potential of Europe’s Future Cohesion Policy as a Catalyst for Economic Growth

This SubRosa discussion continued our aim to aid and inform EU policy developments. Our objective was to inject new thinking and ideas into the current debate concerning the link between Cohesion Policy and regional, economic growth. The discussion was timed to be able to assist in the final preparation of the legislative proposals. The event sought to examine Cohesion Policy’s proposed future focus and the extent to which this can act as a catalyst to unlock regional potential for economic growth. In reviewing this, the high level debate explored approaches to deliver renewed regional economic growth, the role of EU policy tools, including coordination with other EU policies, and specific elements of the future Cohesion Policy in the run-up to the new programming period.

Europe’s emergence from the global, financial crisis has led to a tightening of fiscal policy across Europe. Funding, goals and delivery must be prioritised for greatest impact. This context is set within the wider EU policy agenda of Europe 2020 and the Budget Review. Cohesion Policy is facing a renewed emphasis in demonstrating its value as an EU level mechanism for delivering economic growth for all regions. This includes the so-called Competitiveness and Convergence regions and the proposed third type, the intermediate category. The emerging debate has also placed special emphasis on potential factors of economic growth. This includes proposed alignment between Cohesion Policy and Smart Specialisation, as well as Europe’s Innovation policy agenda, and the integration with other key policies.

The discussion brought together around 40 individually invited experts in the field from EU institutions, Member States, EU regions and nations, think tanks, business, social partners and academia.

The European Policies Research Centre (EPRC) based in Scotland prepared an impulse paper for the policy discussion.

8 April 2011

2010: A New Sustainable Growth Model for Europe?

This SubRosa strategic discussion focused on A new sustainable growth model for Europe? – looking into the Europe 2020 Strategy to deliver sustainable growth in the EU over the next decade.

This SubRosa series continues our aim to aid and inform EU policy development, as we’ve done previously in areas such as regional policy, territorial cohesion and better regulation. The discussion focused on identifying the key elements of a sustainable growth model, including the role of low carbon approaches, green growth and sustainability in this new economy. We also explored potential barriers and opportunities in the implementation of a sustainable growth model, in terms of providing the right infrastructure, finance and understanding sustainability itself as a potential growth factor. Through our discussions we attempted to identify what potential changes might need to be made to existing EU policies and how European funds should be allocated in pursuit of this goal over the next decade.

The event drew together 30-40 individually invited experts in the field from EU institutions, Member States, EU regions and nations, think tanks, business, social partners and academia.

Fabian Zuleeg, Chief Economist at the European Policy Centre prepared an impulse paper for the policy discussion, which has been updated to reflect the discussions during the day and the identified policy options.

24-25 June 2010

2008: Territorial Cohesion – Key Issues and Opportunities for Irish-Scottish-Nordic and Similar Territories

Territorial Cohesion has been associated with the objective of contributing to harmonised and balanced development of the Union as a whole1 and implies that ‘European citizens shall not be disadvantaged by wherever they happen to live or work in the Union’.

On a true interpretation of the term, therefore, Territorial Cohesion has special significance for peripheral and similar areas of Europe with access and distance challenges to their ability to develop their human and physical resources for the benefit of their communities and Europe as a whole.

Ireland, Norway, Sweden, Finland and Denmark, to varying degrees, share with Scotland these features and therefore, we submit, an interest in encouraging a better and more focused understanding of Territorial Cohesion and its operational application within the European Union. The discussion is intended to explore the concept and our commonality in greater detail in the company of EC officials and experts in the field.

The main paper for this Sub Rosa was commissioned by Highlands and Islands Enterprise in Inverness and the Norwegian Ministry of Local Government and Regional Development in Oslo. It was written by Hallgeir Aalbu and Kai Böhme at SWECO Eurofutures and Colin Imrie at EUsolution, with assistance from Erik Gløersen at Nordregio.

2 April 2008

2008: The Future of EU Regional and Rural Policies

In the context of the EU Budget review the longer term development and added value of EU policies is being reconsidered. A central question for those engaged in territorial development is how to improve the coherence of territorially relevant EU policies, in particular EU regional and rural development policies. As a contribution to the debate we convened a SubRosa meeting to discuss the integration of EU regional and rural policy.

29 February – 1 March 2008

2007: 2007 to 2013 – Exploring Scenarios for Rural Europe: The Future of Agriculture Policy?

This SubRosa represented an attempt to promote and summarise some alternative policy options and their consequences for rural areas. Four strategic perspectives of agriculture’s interaction with the wider economy, environment and society were offered in order to structure discussion, which is stimulated further by presentation of three policy scenarios and a set of specific questions to be addressed.

9-10 March 2007

2005: Clarity and Transparency – Impact of Existing EU Legislation on Business in Member States

This SubRosa gave a broad overview of the better legislation agenda, with a particular reference to clarity and transparency, and set out why it matters particularly to businesses. A paper reported the view of businesses and representative organisations, as well as reflections from a SubRosa discussion in Brussels.

While there has been some progress on Better Regulation, businesses (and especially SMEs) find it very difficult to engage with the European legislative process, especially in influencing legislation at the earlier stages when there is more scope for adjustment. It is also clear that business find EU legislation inaccessible, both in terms of conciseness and the clarity of the language used. The paper makes a number of broad suggestions on how the clarity and transparency of EU legislation might be improved.

1 December 2005

2004: Subsidiarity & Better Regulation

The discussion on subsidiarity on 27 April was chaired by the Scottish Executive. Participants included officials from the European Commission, the European Council, the European Parliament, the Committee of the Regions,  the European Court of Justice, the Council of Europe, National Governments, Brussels Offices of regions represented in the Association of regions with Legislative Powers (REGLEG), representatives of local and regional authorities, and academics. Participants contributed on a personal basis rather than expressing official positions of their organisations

The SubRosa on 22 October covered better regulation issues (framework legislation, impact assessments, consultation) and complemented the April 2004 subsidiarity seminar.  The seminar examined use of the Commission’s new consultation arrangements and ways of ensuring that impact assessments on new legislative proposals are as useful as possible.

This initiative on Better Regulation was developed with REGLEG (Regions with Legislative Powers) of which the Rt Hon Jack McConnell First Minister of Scotland was the President during 2003-04.

2003: Regional Policies After 2006: Complementarity or Conflict?

This SubRosa looked beyond the reform debates to consider whether friction and conflict between national regional policy, EU competition policy and EU regional policy is inevitable. The SubRosa had four main objectives: to examine the evolution of national regional policies in the Member States; to consider the future challenges for the Structural Funds; to assess possible future directions for EU competition policy; and to pose questions as to whether and how these different components of regional policy might best be reconciled post 2006.

13-14 June 2003

2000: Regional Policy in the EU Member States and Candidate Countries

29-30 September 2000